Home » All Great Easy Ways To Save Tax And Good Deductions » How the Personal Air and Land Vehicle (PAL-V) Works

The Best Sellers



COVID-19 Solutions & Effective Tips

COVID-19
HOW TO DEFEAT DEADLY CORONAVIRUS?

The Greatest Emergency Virus Surviving 10 Steps Guide

Risk Responses COVID-19 Solutions

EFFECTIVE FIRST AID KIT

For Use When Travel FIRST AID KIT

 

Amazon Impress Gifts 50% Off HOLIDAYS&CHRISTMAS Only!

Christmas&Holidays50%OffGifts


RSS Top Internet Today News

THE Best Sellers




Amazon Best Sellers

Arts & Entertainment

 Architecture
 Music
 Photography
 Radio
 Theater
 Art
 Body Art
 Dance
 Fashion
 Film & Television
 General
 Humor
 Magic Tricks

Travel

 Africa
 Asia
 Canada
 Caribbean
 Europe
 General
 Latin America
 Middle East
 Specialty Travel
 United States

Sports

 Individual Sports
 Martial Arts
 Mountaineering
 Other Team Sports
 Outdoors & Nature
 Racket Sports
 Running
 Soccer
 Softball
 Training
 Volleyball
 Water Sports
 Winter Sports
 Golf
 Hockey
 General
 Football
 Automotive
 Baseball
 Basketball
 Coaching
 Cycling
 Extreme Sports

Betting Systems

 Casino Table Games
 Football
 General
 Horse Racing
 Lottery
 Soccer
 Poker

Spirituality, New Age & Alternative Beliefs

 General
 Astrology
 Hypnosis
 Magic
 Numerology
 Paranormal
 Psychics
 Religion
 Tarot
 Witchcraft

Business / Investing

 Derivatives
 Economics
 Equities & Stocks
 Foreign Exchange
 General
 International Business
 Management & Leadership
 Marketing & Sales
 Outsourcing
 Personal Finance
 Real Estate
 Small Biz / Entrepreneurship
 Commodities
 Debt
 Careers, Industries & Professions

As Seen On TV

 General
 Backyard Living
 Auto
 Health and Beauty
 Kitchen Tools and Gadgets

E-business & E-marketing

 SEM & SEO
 Consulting
 Copywriting
 Domains
 E-commerce Operations
 E-zine Strategies
 Email Marketing
 General
 Market Research
 Marketing
 Niche Marketing
 Paid Surveys
 Pay Per Click Advertising
 Promotion
 Social Media Marketing
 Blog Marketing
 Submitters
 Video Marketing
 Classified Advertising
 Banners
 Auctions
 Affiliate Marketing
 Article Marketing

Employment & Jobs

 Cover Letter & Resume Guides
 General
 Job Listings
 Job Search Guides
 Job Skills / Training

Fiction

 General

Games

 Console Guides & Repairs
 General
 Strategy Guides

Green Products

 Alternative Energy
 Conservation & Efficiency
 General

Computers / Internet

 System Analysis & Design
 Databases
 Email Services
 General
 Graphics
 Hardware
 Networking
 Operating Systems
 Programming
 Software
 System Administration
 Web Hosting
 Web Site Design

Cooking, Food & Wine

 Baking
 BBQ
 Cooking
 Drinks & Beverages
 General
 Recipes
 Regional & Intl.
 Special Diet
 Special Occasions
 Vegetables / Vegetarian
 Wine Making

Languages

 English
 Arabic
 Chinese
 French
 German
 Hebrew
 Hindi
 Italian
 Japanese
 Other
 Russian
 Sign Language
 Spanish
 Thai

Education

 Test Prep & Study Guides
 K-12
 Student Loans
 Higher Education
 Educational Materials
 Admissions

Home & Garden

 Animal Care & Pets
 Crafts & Hobbies
 Entertaining
 Gardening & Horticulture
 General
 Homebuying
 How-to & Home Improvements
 Interior Design
 Sewing
 Weddings

Mobile

 Apps
 Developer Tools
 General
 Security
 Ringtones
 Video

Health & Fitness

 Women's Health
 Spiritual Health
 Strength Training
 Yoga
 Dietary Supplements
 Addiction
 Beauty
 Dental Health
 Diets & Weight Loss
 Exercise & Fitness
 General
 Meditation
 Men's Health
 Mental Health
 Nutrition
 Remedies
 Sleep and Dreams

Software & Services

 3D Printing
 Internet Tools
 Anti Adware / Spyware
 Background Investigations
 Communications
 Dating
 Developer Tools
 Digital Photos
 Drivers
 Education
 Email
 Foreign Exchange Investing
 General
 Graphic Design
 Hosting
 MP3 & Audio
 Networking
 Operating Systems
 Other Investment Software
 Personal Finance
 Productivity
 Registry Cleaners
 Reverse Phone Lookup
 Screensavers & Wallpaper
 Security
 System Optimization
 Utilities
 Video
 Web Design

Self-Help

 Time Management
 Survival
 Success
 Stress Management
 Abuse
 Dating Guides
 Eating Disorders
 General
 Male Dating Guides
 Marriage & Relationships
 Motivational / Transformational
 Personal Finance
 Public Speaking
 Self Defense
 Self-Esteem

Parenting & Families

 Divorce
 Education
 Genealogy
 General
 Marriage
 Parenting
 Pregnancy & Childbirth
 Special Needs

Reference

 Gay / Lesbian
 Automotive
 Catalogs & Directories
 Consumer Guides
 Education
 Etiquette
 General
 Law & Legal Issues
 The Sciences
 Writing

Politics / Current Events

 General

How the Personal Air and Land Vehicle (PAL-V) Works

How the Personal Air and Land Vehicle (PAL-V) Works

Advertisement

George Jetson had it easy: he was good-looking, had an attractive wife, well-behaved kids, a dog that could sort-of talk, a robot maid, video phones and, the pièce de résistance: a flying car. (Side note: Don’t you wonder what had happened to the Earth on “The Jetsons” that made everyone live so far above the surface? What was actually down on the ground? Trash? Floodwaters? Zombies? On second thought, maybe that question is a little too heavy for a kid’s show. Anyway, back to the flying cars!)

While the automobile has given people freedom to travel long distances relatively quickly and comfortably, we always want more. Faster cars, alternative fuel cars, cars that integrate apps from our smartphones and cars that are able to drive themselves are either for sale now or on the horizon. Flying cars, long the dream of everyone in a traffic jam and a basic mode of transportation for everyone on “The Jetsons,” are another automotive dream. As it turns out, however, being able to soar over a miles-long backup on the freeway isn’t the pipe dream it once was. With the invention of the Personal Air and Land Vehicle (PAL-V), we’re all getting a bit closer to our own flying cars.

Advertisement

Of course, we’ll all need $395,000 to do it, but what does money matter when you’re talking about a flying car?

The PAL-V One is a combination car and helicopter that’s built by the PAL-V company. The PAL-V One seats two and can be driven on the road and into the air — you don’t even need a pilot’s license. Light, high-tech materials help make the PAL-V airworthy, and an innovative design helps it transition from the road to the air in under 10 minutes [source: PAL-V Specs; PAL-V Flying]. That beats sitting in traffic any day. Let’s take a look at why the PAL-V is a good idea and how it works both on the ground and in the sky. If you found your way to this article while stuck in traffic, though, save it to read for later. Your Earth-bound car can’t drive itself, so eyes on the road, pal.

The PAL-V sounds great to the average person (It’s a car! It can fly! You don’t need a pilot’s license to drive it!), but building a flying car presents unique engineering challenges that aren’t easily overcome. Take the amount of force a car’s suspension — the system that maintains the contact between the tires and the road during driving — needs to take. A car’s suspension maximizes the car’s handling abilities and absorbs bumps and imperfections in the road. Most car suspensions are engineered to absorb about 2 Gs worth of bumps [source: Brown].

Now, you’re probably thinking that planes don’t need strong suspensions because there aren’t a lot of bumpy roads up in the skies. You’re forgetting, however, that planes need to land at some point, and those landings can be harsh. Plane suspensions need to be able to take up to 4 Gs of force. No problem, just beef up the suspension and boom, flying car, right? Nope. While a car can take some added weight with no big problems, plane design is all about keeping weight to a minimum. Every ounce matters. So if you add weight for the suspension system, you’re going to have to take it away from somewhere else — say, the sound-deadening material, frame reinforcements or seats.

Then there’s the issue of the wings. If a car has wings like an airplane, it’s not going to fit on the road. Parking will also be a nightmare. Folding wings are an option for when the car is on the ground, but wings that fold are weaker than wings that don’t, making them not the best choice for flying. Then there’s the issue of power delivery. To save weight, you’d only want one engine on a flying car. On a car, the engine sends power through the transmission to the wheels. On a plane, the engine powers a propeller. For a flying car, how would the engine’s power be switched between the wheels and the propeller?

When you take all of those challenges into consideration, it’s a wonder anyone has ever tried to build a flying car, let alone do it successfully. But the PAL-V company did.

Anyone who’s been on a 737 as it taxies to the gate knows that planes aren’t the most agile things when they’re on the ground. That’s because planes are built for doing their best work in the air. Driving along on the ground is an afterthought. A flying car like the PAL-V One, however, needs to be just as good on the ground as it is in the sky.

Compared to a 737, or any other conventional plane, the PAL-V has excellent drivability when it’s on the ground. It drives like a sports car, thanks in-part to its unique cabin layout. Most cars have a two-plus-three layout: two seats in the front, three seats in the back (SUVs and minivans, as well as some subcompact cars, have different seating arrangements). The two-plus-three arrangement is comfortable and stable on the road, but it’s not all that sporty, and it also adds a lot of weight to have all of those seats and people on board. The PAL-V has a one-plus-one cabin layout. The passenger sits behind the driver, similar to two riders on a motorcycle. And even though the PAL-V uses a wheel to steer like a car, it leans like a motorcycle in tight turns.

When it’s on the ground, the PAL-V’s engine makes 230 horsepower, and goes from zero to 60 miles per hour (97 kilometers per hour) in less than eight seconds. It has a top speed of 112 miles per hour (180 kilometers per hour), and it gets 28 miles to the gallon (12 kilometers per liter). On a full tank, you can drive it 750 miles (1,207 kilometers). Weighing in at just under 1,500 pounds (680 kilograms) when empty, the PAL-V One makes use of carbon fiber, steel and aluminum components [source: PAL-V One; PAL-V Specs]. As revolutionary as the PAL-V is, however, we’re beginning to see those performance numbers and lightweight, high-tech materials in conventional cars, too. So why are we talking about the PAL-V? Because of what comes next: its ability to fly.

Sure, you can get a high-tech sports car or a funky-looking motorcycle. That’s relatively easy. But making those things fly is a different matter altogether. When it’s time to take off, the PAL-V has it covered. To transition the PAL-V One to the air, you simply have to fold out a small tail section, which in turns raises a rotor above the passenger cabin. Using a rotor instead of full-on wings is how the PAL-V solves the problem of fixed or folding wings — with the former taking up too much space on the ground and the latter being too weak in the air. Because of this, the PAL-V is closer to a helicopter than it is to a plane [source: PAL-V Flying].

However, though the PAL-V looks like a helicopter, it can’t take off vertically. It needs 540 feet (165 meters) of runway to take off and 100 feet (30 meters) of runway to come in for a landing. In the air, its fuel economy drops to 9.5 gallons per hour (36 liters per hour), and it can only fly up to 4,000 feet (1,219 meters) high, but that’s plenty high enough to avoid traffic jams, Another bit of good news: you don’t need a traditional pilot’s license to fly it, though many regions will require you to have a sport pilot’s certificate. Of course, we’ve seen how unsafe cars can be on the road, and taking one up 4,000 feet is enough to unnerve some drivers. If your car breaks down, you just have to make it to the shoulder. When you break down in the air, you’re going to cover the 4,000 feet to the ground very rapidly. However, because of its design, the PAL-V One can maintain lift even if the engine stalls, because its rotor will keep spinning. It likely won’t be the smoothest landing, but any landing you can walk away from is a good one.

If you want your own PAL-V One, you’ll not only need to have a big check ready, you’ll also need to get in line. Right now, they’re only being sold in the Netherlands, and the PAL-V company is only able to make about 150 vehicles per year, with deliveries starting in 2016. Until then, you can either learn to enjoy traffic or just give up and take the train — where you can stream old episodes of “The Jetsons” and dream about your very own flying car.

I was sitting in traffic the night before this article was due, cursing the fact that I didn’t have a PAL-V so I could fly home and finish writing it. Then again, I was sitting in traffic in Boston, and giving Boston drivers flying cars does not seem like the safest idea. Though the PAL-V One can’t hold the entire Jetson family, and flying cars really don’t make much sense for most people, the fact that materials science, aviation and automotive design have come together in one (very expensive) package is just fascinating.

Print |
Citation & Date |
Reprint

Advertisement

Advertisement

How Flying Humvees Will Work

Will we ever have space ships parked in our garages?

Advertisement

Advertisement

Get the best of HowStuffWorks by email!

Keep up to date on: Latest Buzz · Stuff Shows & Podcasts · Tours · Weird & Wacky

Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company

Privacy Choices

We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

OK

How the Personal Air and Land Vehicle (PAL-V) Works

Research & References of How the Personal Air and Land Vehicle (PAL-V) Works|A&C Accounting And Tax Services
Source


Leave a comment