Home » All Great Easy Ways To Save Tax And Good Deductions » Does Playing With Toy Guns Lead to Later Acts of Gun Violence?

The Best Sellers



COVID-19 Solutions & Effective Tips

COVID-19
HOW TO DEFEAT DEADLY CORONAVIRUS?

The Greatest Emergency Virus Surviving 10 Steps Guide

Risk Responses COVID-19 Solutions

EFFECTIVE FIRST AID KIT

For Use When Travel FIRST AID KIT

 

Amazon Impress Gifts 50% Off HOLIDAYS&CHRISTMAS Only!

Christmas&Holidays50%OffGifts


RSS Top Internet Today News

THE Best Sellers




Amazon Best Sellers

Arts & Entertainment

 Architecture
 Music
 Photography
 Radio
 Theater
 Art
 Body Art
 Dance
 Fashion
 Film & Television
 General
 Humor
 Magic Tricks

Travel

 Africa
 Asia
 Canada
 Caribbean
 Europe
 General
 Latin America
 Middle East
 Specialty Travel
 United States

Sports

 Individual Sports
 Martial Arts
 Mountaineering
 Other Team Sports
 Outdoors & Nature
 Racket Sports
 Running
 Soccer
 Softball
 Training
 Volleyball
 Water Sports
 Winter Sports
 Golf
 Hockey
 General
 Football
 Automotive
 Baseball
 Basketball
 Coaching
 Cycling
 Extreme Sports

Betting Systems

 Casino Table Games
 Football
 General
 Horse Racing
 Lottery
 Soccer
 Poker

Spirituality, New Age & Alternative Beliefs

 General
 Astrology
 Hypnosis
 Magic
 Numerology
 Paranormal
 Psychics
 Religion
 Tarot
 Witchcraft

Business / Investing

 Derivatives
 Economics
 Equities & Stocks
 Foreign Exchange
 General
 International Business
 Management & Leadership
 Marketing & Sales
 Outsourcing
 Personal Finance
 Real Estate
 Small Biz / Entrepreneurship
 Commodities
 Debt
 Careers, Industries & Professions

As Seen On TV

 General
 Backyard Living
 Auto
 Health and Beauty
 Kitchen Tools and Gadgets

E-business & E-marketing

 SEM & SEO
 Consulting
 Copywriting
 Domains
 E-commerce Operations
 E-zine Strategies
 Email Marketing
 General
 Market Research
 Marketing
 Niche Marketing
 Paid Surveys
 Pay Per Click Advertising
 Promotion
 Social Media Marketing
 Blog Marketing
 Submitters
 Video Marketing
 Classified Advertising
 Banners
 Auctions
 Affiliate Marketing
 Article Marketing

Employment & Jobs

 Cover Letter & Resume Guides
 General
 Job Listings
 Job Search Guides
 Job Skills / Training

Fiction

 General

Games

 Console Guides & Repairs
 General
 Strategy Guides

Green Products

 Alternative Energy
 Conservation & Efficiency
 General

Computers / Internet

 System Analysis & Design
 Databases
 Email Services
 General
 Graphics
 Hardware
 Networking
 Operating Systems
 Programming
 Software
 System Administration
 Web Hosting
 Web Site Design

Cooking, Food & Wine

 Baking
 BBQ
 Cooking
 Drinks & Beverages
 General
 Recipes
 Regional & Intl.
 Special Diet
 Special Occasions
 Vegetables / Vegetarian
 Wine Making

Languages

 English
 Arabic
 Chinese
 French
 German
 Hebrew
 Hindi
 Italian
 Japanese
 Other
 Russian
 Sign Language
 Spanish
 Thai

Education

 Test Prep & Study Guides
 K-12
 Student Loans
 Higher Education
 Educational Materials
 Admissions

Home & Garden

 Animal Care & Pets
 Crafts & Hobbies
 Entertaining
 Gardening & Horticulture
 General
 Homebuying
 How-to & Home Improvements
 Interior Design
 Sewing
 Weddings

Mobile

 Apps
 Developer Tools
 General
 Security
 Ringtones
 Video

Health & Fitness

 Women's Health
 Spiritual Health
 Strength Training
 Yoga
 Dietary Supplements
 Addiction
 Beauty
 Dental Health
 Diets & Weight Loss
 Exercise & Fitness
 General
 Meditation
 Men's Health
 Mental Health
 Nutrition
 Remedies
 Sleep and Dreams

Software & Services

 3D Printing
 Internet Tools
 Anti Adware / Spyware
 Background Investigations
 Communications
 Dating
 Developer Tools
 Digital Photos
 Drivers
 Education
 Email
 Foreign Exchange Investing
 General
 Graphic Design
 Hosting
 MP3 & Audio
 Networking
 Operating Systems
 Other Investment Software
 Personal Finance
 Productivity
 Registry Cleaners
 Reverse Phone Lookup
 Screensavers & Wallpaper
 Security
 System Optimization
 Utilities
 Video
 Web Design

Self-Help

 Time Management
 Survival
 Success
 Stress Management
 Abuse
 Dating Guides
 Eating Disorders
 General
 Male Dating Guides
 Marriage & Relationships
 Motivational / Transformational
 Personal Finance
 Public Speaking
 Self Defense
 Self-Esteem

Parenting & Families

 Divorce
 Education
 Genealogy
 General
 Marriage
 Parenting
 Pregnancy & Childbirth
 Special Needs

Reference

 Gay / Lesbian
 Automotive
 Catalogs & Directories
 Consumer Guides
 Education
 Etiquette
 General
 Law & Legal Issues
 The Sciences
 Writing

Politics / Current Events

 General

Does Playing With Toy Guns Lead to Later Acts of Gun Violence?

Does Playing With Toy Guns Lead to Later Acts of Gun Violence?

If you follow the latest news about Great Britain’s royal family, you probably have heard about the controversy that erupted when Prince George — the 4-year-old son of Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge, and his wife, Kate Middleton — was seen on the sidelines at a polo match, playing with a toy handgun.

For many, Prince George’s game of cops-and-robbers raised a question that’s been troubling parents more and more, in an age when mass shootings seem to occur with horrifying frequency. Should young children be allowed to play with toy versions of the weapons that are killing other kids and adults? In an article for Vogue, writer Michelle Ruiz described a conversation she had with a fellow mother who asked: “What are we feeding our children, in the metaphorical sense, when we hand them guns to play with?”

After a recent school shooting in Indiana, a reader’s letter to the Indianapolis Star voiced a similar sentiment. “Children should not have even cap pistols or toy guns to play with because it teaches the wrong lesson,” he wrote. And here is a 2017 Huffington Post article from Wendy Kennar, a former teacher, who explains “Why Our Family Doesn’t Allow Toy Guns.”

At least one retailer has already stopped selling some types of toy guns. In February, when Walmart announced that it would raise the purchase age for firearms at its stores to 21, the company also said that it would remove from its website items “resembling assault-style rifles,” including toys. (Walmart stopped selling actual “modern sporting rifles,” including the AR-15, back in 2015.)

For all the anxiety and outrage it stimulates, there’s relatively little scientific research on the effect that playing with toy guns has upon children. And although some studies suggest it may be linked to aggressive behavior in childhood, no clear connection has been established between childhood play with toy guns and adult attitudes or propensity for violence. Two psychologists who’ve done research on children and toy guns think that parenting is a much more important indicator of aggressive behavior.

Charles W. Turner, a psychologist on the staff of the Oregon Research Institute, has more than 40 years of experience conducting treatment and prevention research on children, adolescents and young adults with behavior problems. Back in the mid-1970s, he and colleague Diane Goldsmith published one of the earliest papers on the subject, in which they compared a group of children who played with toy guns to another group who played with toy airplanes, and kids who played with other toys. All were observed for signs of antisocial behavior, such as aggression or rule-breaking.

“The purpose of the airplanes was to control for the fact that you’re introducing a novel toy,” Turner explains. “Is it the novelty of the toy leading to the acting out, or whether it’s something specific about the gun?”

Turner and Goldsmith found that toy guns produced a “reliably higher” rate of antisocial behavior than the average of the toy airplanes and the other toys, though the toy airplanes also increased the rate of kids misbehaving as well.

But today, Turner, who moved on from what he calls “hypothetical studies” to studying actual young offenders, cautions against reading too much into his early work. From a practical standpoint, he says, “it would be hard to look at whether playing with guns as a child affected attitudes as an adult.”

Based on his own work as well as that of other researchers, he suspects that “playing with guns as a child is one small part of a bigger picture of what leads to adult aggressive behavior. It’s a small, nearly trivial part.” He puts more weight on other influences, such as how a family relates to a child and their pattern of interactions.

In a study published in the journal Early Education and Development in 1992 researchers Malcolm W. Watson and Ying Peng observed 36 3-to-5-year-old children in free play in a daycare center, and coded their behavior for the amount of real aggression, pretend aggression, rough-and-tumble play, and non-aggressive pretend play. They also had parents fill out a questionnaire to gather data such as whether kids played with toy guns at home — 56 percent, mostly boys, did — as well as whether they watched TV programs with aggression and the amount of physical punishment that parents used for discipline.

The researchers found that toy gun play, along with parental punishment, were associated with a higher level of real aggression, though not with pretend aggression.

Watson, the George and Frances Levin Professor of Psychology at Brandeis University, cautions in an email that “there are so many factors that act as antecedents to real aggression that this one study could not evaluate the entire story. Various factors may interact to increase the likelihood of aggression in children and children developing long-term aggressive tendencies.”

Watson explains that the study was designed to pit the cathartic theory of aggression, in which aggressive fantasy play might reduce actual frustration and aggression, with the cuing theory, in which toy guns and aggressive play would act as cues and practice for real aggression.

“The more toy gun play that was used, along with play with toy guns, the more real aggression boys showed in their preschool,” he writes. “Boys showed much more toy gun play than did girls, and probably because of this, there was no relation found between toy gun play and real aggression in girls. Interestingly, we also found that the more toy gun play that was used, the less non-aggressive pretend play (including pretend aggression) children showed. And non-aggressive pretend play is seen as a good thing for children.

“So, in effect, there was no evidence for a cathartic effect, but there was evidence for a probable cuing effect. Playing with toy guns may be increased when some children already show more aggression, or reciprocally real aggression may be cued and increased when children play more with toy guns. It just didn’t seem that anything good came from playing with toy guns.”

But Watson also notes that the strongest factor that predicted real aggression in preschoolers — more than toy guns or even watching violent TV — was the amount and frequency of parents spanking their kids or using other corporal punishment.

“We have done subsequent studies that showed that children who were more aggressive led to parents using more corporal punishment over time, but that the use of more corporal punishment led to even more aggression in the children,” Watson says. “Parental use of corporal punishment was part of an ongoing negative spiral.”

As for playing with toy guns, “Nothing positive seems to come from it, and it may have some negative effects (at least in boys), but there are other factors involving parents that have even more negative consequences,” Watson says.

“I think pretend play overall has a great influence on children’s development and thinking, and so I suspect that toy gun play may have long-term consequences, but I also suspect that parental attitudes toward guns and also parents’ modeling of aggression will have even stronger influences.”

Watson notes that despite his misgivings about toy guns, he chose not to ban them in his own home, and never stopped his four sons from pretend play with them. But more important, he says: “though we had strict discipline, we never used corporal punishment with them. That is the part I particularly believe in.”


Citation & Date |
Reprint


Citation & Date |
Reprint

Entertainment · Previous Story

Next Story · Science

8 Crazy Facts About the Washington Monument

How the Salton Sea Became an Eco Wasteland

BABYMETAL: Three Japanese Girls Make Heavy Metal Cute

HowStuffWorks

Copyright © 2019 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings LLC, a System1 Company

Newsletter

Get the best of HowStuffWorks by email. Keep up to date on:

Sign Up Now!

Newsletter Policy & Terms

Does Playing With Toy Guns Lead to Later Acts of Gun Violence?

Research & References of Does Playing With Toy Guns Lead to Later Acts of Gun Violence?|A&C Accounting And Tax Services
Source


Leave a comment